The year 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of the first Apollo moon landing. This was possible thanks to an extraordinary acceleration of space technology. Within a remarkably short period of time leading up to the event, engineers had mastered rocket propulsion, on-board computing and space operations, partially thanks to an essentially unlimited budget.
New study attempt to solve long-standing problems associated with high-speed aerodynamics. In this study, aerospace engineers extend classical kinetic theory into hypersonic speed, which begins at roughly five times the speed of sound.